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Otitis Media

Otitis Media

Otitis Media

“If the otitis media, which is the nightmare of the parents, is not treated, it is a serious health problem that may lead to hearing impairment, meningitis, facial paralysis and ruptured eardrum, as well as speech disorders and weak social skills when it occurs in the early stages of development.”

What is Otitis Media?

The inflammation of the middle ear between the inner and outer ear, which is filled with air and is responsible for balancing pressure, is called “otitis media”. Otitis media occurs acutely and may become chronic due to the neglect of treatment over time.

How Does Otitis Media Occur?

The Eustachian tube in childhood is shorter than in adulthood. Since the Eustachian tube, which has completed its development over time, cannot prevent the microbes from reaching from the nasal passage to the middle ear in childhood, otitis media is more common in children than in adults. In cases where edema and inflammation occur in the mucosa located in three parts of the Eustachian tube, inflammation can spread to the middle ear. In such a case, acute otitis media occurs.

When acute otitis media treatment is disrupted, the risk of chronic otitis media increases. Considering the risk of spread of otitis media, we can conclude that chronic otitis media is a health problem that should definitely be taken into consideration.

Causes and Symptoms of Otitis Media

Otitis media may occur for different reasons such as failure of the Eustachian tube to function, respiratory tract diseases, weakening of the immune system, common cold, allergy, sinusitis, concha hypertrophy, septum deviation and enlarged adenoid.

Symptoms of otitis media and severity of its symptoms may vary from patient to patient. I can list the most common symptoms of otitis media as follows:

  • Ear pain
  • Sleep problems
  • Loss of balance
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Discomfort (crying more than usual in children)
  • Ear congestion
  • Hearing loss
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Ear discharge
  • Dizziness

Otitis Media Treatment

Different treatment options can be applied simultaneously for the treatment of otitis media. Generally, the use of antibiotics constitutes the first stage of the treatment process. Similarly, the scope of treatment is extended with home care and other medications to be used.

Medical treatments or home care may not always be sufficient to treat otitis media. Adenoidectomy and ear tube surgery may be necessary in pediatric patients who do not respond to traditional treatments.

“I plan the treatment of my patients, who have applied to me for otitis media, in accordance with their age, disease progression and how their general health is affected by the symptoms of the disease.” Therefore, I can ensure that my patients can regain their health as soon as possible.”

Update Date: 16.11.2021
Op. Dr. Hünkar Batıkhan
Op. Dr. Hünkar Batıkhan
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Please consult your physician for diagnosis and treatment.
Op. Dr. Hünkar BatıkhanOp. Dr. Hünkar BatıkhanKulak Burun Boğaz Hastalıkları Uzmanı
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